Qurʾan Gateway celebrates one year from first introduction at IQSA

By Daniel A. Brubaker


Dr. Andy Bannister demonstrates some of Qurʾan Gateway’s latest enhancements to colleagues at the 7th Annual Meeting of the International Qurʾanic Studies Association in Denver as Prof. Gabriel Said Reynolds looks on.


The 7th Annual meeting of the International Qurʾanic Studies Association (IQSA) in Denver (November 16-19, 2018) marked the passage of one year since Qur’an Gateway was first introduced at IQSA’s annual meeting in Boston.

Andy Bannister and myself were both in attendance. At the opening session, I presented a paper highlighting challenges and opportunities presented by the status of Arabic digital typography and digital encoding, as well as the need for clear thinking and development of tools that can take Qur’an manuscript studies to the next level. Several other papers (e.g. by Alba Fedeli, Marijn Van Putten, Eléonore Cellard, and Mohsen Goudarzi) at this meeting dealt with manuscripts and scribal practices. Several others (e.g. by Adam Flowers, David Powers, Shari Lowin, Holger Zellentin, Sara Tlili, Gabriel Said Reynolds, and Shawkat Toorawa) dealt with the Qur’an’s literary and textual qualities.

IQSA members have been among the best and most active beta users for Qur’an Gateway so far, and we want to thank them for using Qur’an Gateway and for their valuable feedback. Our primary purpose in this project is to serve our academic friends by making available a first-rate tool for searching and analyzing the text and manuscripts of the Qur’an.

One sign that we’ve begun to truly serve our colleagues in this way emerged this weekend:

David Powers, while presenting his paper, “Zayd, Zaynab, and Muhammad: Revisited,” made the bold claim that he believes the pericope beginning at Q33:37 could be a non-original addition to the Qur’an, possibly from the time of ‘Abd al-Malik’s caliphate. Of course, a way to test such a claim would be to see if these verses are missing from any 7th century (e.g. probably hijazi-style) manuscript. But how could one easily check this without visiting and cataloguing thousands of manuscript folios?

Andy Bannister was sitting in the back of the room while David Powers was giving his paper, and observed that 5 different attendees (out of 30 or so present) were logged into Qurʾan Gateway at that moment. Some (I admit I was one of them!) were searching its manuscript side that contains the ability to sort by script style and also has our rough identifications of the contents of each that myself and Michael McCoy have carefully catalogued.

Never before the creation of Qur’an Gateway would this have been possible.

One year out, the Qur’an Gateway team takes satisfaction in the ground we’ve covered, and we could not have done it without our many friends including IQSA leadership and members. Thank you!
Dan Brubaker

Author: Dan Brubaker

DANIEL BRUBAKER became fascinated by corrections in Qurʾan manuscripts while working toward his Ph.D. at Rice University, so fascinated that he chose to make it the prime focus of his doctoral work. His dissertation titled “Intentional Changes in Qurʾan Manuscripts” (2014) is the first extensive survey of physical corrections in early written Qurʾans. Its contents and much additional material will be published in forthcoming works. Brubaker has contributed to several published edited works and his first monograph, 20 Examples of Correction in Early Qurʾan Manuscripts, will be released imminently. A number of other writing projects are in process. To date, Brubaker has reviewed an estimated 10,000+ folios of the earliest Qurʾan manuscripts, most of them in person, cataloguing their corrections and other features. He has been a member of the International Qurʾanic Studies Association since its inception, is a member of the Islamic Manuscript Association (IMA), the Association for the Study of the Middle East and Africa (ASMEA), and is a co-founder of Qurʾan Gateway, an online resource for critical analysis of the Qurʾan. He lives with his wife Latha and three daughters in Northern Virginia.
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